The advent of AIDS has been followed by many speculations as to its origin. The theory that it came from a green monkey in Africa does not hold up well against scientific research. AIDS was not a diagnosed disease for thousands of years, and suddenly surfaced less than two decades ago. There has been speculation that AIDS is a man-made virus - and if so - its origin might easily be traced to the World Health Organization bulletin of 1972. But it also might be traced to the U.S. Department of Defense appropriations of 1970, when the U.S. Army was provided money for research, test and evaluation of biological weapons - including viruses that directly attack the human immune system.
Between 1978 and 1981, experimental injections of a hepatitis B vaccine were introduced. The experiment began in Manhattan, New York in November 1978, when over 1000 homosexuals and bisexuals were injected with the experimental vaccine. To be eligible for the experiment, the men had to be young, healthy, promiscuous and under the age of 40. Three months after the experiment began at the New York City Blood Center, the first AIDS cases were discovered in young, white Manhattan gay men. In March 1980, similar vaccine experiments took place in Los Angeles, San Francisco, St. Louis, Denver and Chicago. Within a few months, the first AIDS case was reported in a young, white, San Francisco gay male. The Center for Disease Control stated in August 1981 that of the first 26 AIDS cases reported in the United States, twenty were from Manhattan - the site of the initial experiment with the hepatitis B vaccine six from Los Angeks and San Francisco. Of the 26 cases, 25 were white, and gay - and they all matched the profile of those given the vaccine.
AIDS OUTBREAK CAUSED BY VACCINE
On May 11, 1987, The London Times carried a cover story connecting the World Health Organizations' African small pox vaccine programs with the outbreak of AIDS in Central Africa Robert Gallo agreed that the World Health Organization vaccine program, which inoculated millions of blacks, could have awakened the "dormant" AIDS virus. This extremely important story was killed in the United States, and the story never appeared on television or in any major newspaper.
The World Health Organization was warned in the mid-1970s, that if population control was not achieved throughout the world, the earth would face devastating consequences in the 21st century. What type of population control? In the Department of Defense appropriations hearings for 1970, synthetic biological agents are discussed. The discussion centered around the fact that in the field of biological warfare, only natural viruses and diseases were included in the American arsenal. However, on Tuesday, July 1, 1969, the Congress heard testimony that was not startling then, but if applied with today's knowledge, is startling. The testimony was: "Within the next 5 to 10 years, it would probably be possible to make a new infective microorganism which could differ in certain important aspects from any known disease causing organisms. Most important of these is that it might be refractory to the immunological and therapeutic processes upon when we depend to maintain our relative freedom from infectious disease." In otherwords, a new synthetic virus that would attack the human immune system. Within less than 10 years after this report, the AIDS epidemic commenced, where it had never existed before.
Congress appropriated $10 million for the program which was estimated to take about five years to complete. The National Academy of Sciences assisted with the program. Congress was further told, however, "It is a highly controversial issue and there are many who believe such research should not be undertaken, lest it lead to yet another method of massive killing of large populations. On the other hand, without the source scientific knowledge that such a weapon is possible, and an understanding of the ways it could be done, there is little that can be done to devise defensive measures."
The experiments with hepatitis B found that 61 percent of those who volunteered for the test developed AIDS and 75 percent of those died. Twenty-one percent of those who took the test are still free of symptoms, and 18 percent have early indications of having contracting AIDS. Of the 21 percent who are disease free, to date, studies show the vast majority have an abnormally low count of immune system cells, called T-cells. A decline in the T-cells is an indicator of impaired immunity and often precedes AIDS. A Medical Intelligence report, Vol 316, No. 11, Page 673, dated 1987, reports that a military inductee developed the AIDS virus. "Here we describe a patient with HIV infection and subclinical T-cell deficiency in whom AIDS and dissemination vaccinia developed during basic training; both diseases appeared after the patient had received a series of immunization upon entering military service. This case illustrates that primary smallpox immunization of persons with subclinical HIV disease poses a risk of vaccine-induced disease, and that multiple immunizations may accelerate the progression of HIV disease. In addition, the case raises concern about the ultimate safety of a vaccinia-based vaccine in developing countries where HIV infection is increasing. In an attempt to minimize the occurrence of this complication, U.S. military forces currently require screening for HIV antibody before immunization is performed."
INDIANS KEY SUBJECT OF EXPERIMENTS
But gay men in New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles, were not the only people subjected to the experiment. The Dena' Ina Tribe, which resides on the Kenai Peninsula in Alaska, were also subject to the experimental hepatitis B vaccine. The United States government has used indigenous people for experimentation for years. "It is apparent that virtually all field trials of new vaccines in the United States are done amongst indigenous tribes in Alaska," states a report from the Traditional Dena' Ina Health Committee in Sterling, Alaska. "The Alaskan villages are ideal because of their isolation from outsiders, and it is a controlled environment. The indigenous People are also referred to as a 'resource for studying health problems which will benefit other populations." If the vast majority of those gay men who received the experimental hepatitis B vaccine in the late 1970s and early 1980s developed AIDS, how well did the Alaskan natives fair in the same experiments?
The Alaskan natives were recipients of the same vaccine experiment in the early 1980s. Hepatitis B was introduced into the Alaskan native culture in the 1940s, through blood transfusions, I.V. users, open cuts or sores, or impure vaccines. In the 1940s, World War Two soldiers were inoculated with an impure yellow fever vaccine that is believed to have caused anywhere from 175,000 to 600,000 men being contaminated with the hepatitis B virus. During a demonstration of safety for the hepatitis B vaccine in 1981, used on Yupik Eskimos in Alaska, 27 persons developed hepatitis B virus infection after the start of the vaccination program. This has concerned the native population. The Traditional Dena' Ina Health Committee states, "we question the safety of trial vaccines and other vaccination." Their concern focused on the spread of AIDS in Africa through smll pox vaccinations. There concerned is doubled over the fact that one year after the hepatitis B experimental vaccine program was administered on them and on gay men in San Francisco, 41 percent of all the reported AIDS cases in San Francisco were from members of the experimental group.
The introduction of the experimental hepatitis B vaccine in Alaska was puzzling to the natives. In 1982, a geographic map showed that Alaska had one of the lowest rates of hepatitis B in the world - there was no need for the experiment. So how have the natives of Alaska faired since receiving the first-leg of experimental shots? "It is wll known that it takes 20 to 40 years to know the outcome of a vaccine. We also know that since the introduction of vaccines on the indigenous people of Alaska, we have had outbreaks of tuberculosis, meningitis, flu, suicides, alcoholism, bizarre behavior, and AIDS-related diseases," states the Traditional Dena' Ina Health Committee. "These outbreaks are occurring in the same villages that took part in the trial hepatitis B vaccine in 1981. In these same vllages about 75 percent have no water or sewage system."
CHARGES OF GENOCIDE
During the Indigenous Peoples, Tribes, Villages and Nations of Alaska second assembly of the Combined Traditional Council of Elders, held in Anchorage in 1990, a resolution was introduced concerning the efforts of the United States govemment to use Alaska natives as guinea pigs. "Be it resolved by the Assembly of the Combined Traditional Council of Elders conduct or cause to be conducted, the research and documentation necessary to present formal charges of genocide and ethnocide against all persons and/or governments and/or their creatures or agents, in a court of competent jurisdiction." In another resolution, the Traditional Dena' Ina Health Committee, states, "The indigenous native people have been used as a target group without our informed consent has led to an almost total loss of confidence in the Federal and State governments and their contractors in the administration of designer health programs with designer drugs and vaccines, and certain scientific evidence and documentation from reputable medical sources indicate that the indigenous people of Alaska are being utilized in medical experimentation which utilizes vaccines which are either experimental, contaminated, or have deleterious effects upon their entry into the blood system."
Mary Ann Mills, a councilmember of the Traditional Dena' Ina Tribe, has fought the United States government, charging it with violation of various compacts it signed through the United Nations. "We find that the root of the problem stems from the paternalism of the colonial government. The Indigenous People lived a healthy, self-sustaining life with the Earth, animals, and one another before this assumption of authority (by the United States)," she said. "Some diseases, such as hepatitis B and perhaps even AIDS, have been introduced into our ethnic group by the federal government through a mass, and often mandatory immunization program. Several types of experimental vaccines have been introduced to the Native People of Alaska." She notes that the Tribe has documentation from doctors, scientists, universities, and medical reports that the hepatitis B vaccine used in these immunization programs contains the same pathogens as the AIDS virus. "The fact that the Indigenous Native People have been used without our informed consent has led to an almost total loss of confidence in the federal and state governments in the administration of health programs with drugs and vaccines." Concerned with the welfare and even possible extinction of her Tribe, she states, "The Dena'ina People would like to express that if our Native Alaskan culture is destroyed, it will exist nowhere else. We have a vast and rich land. We did not displace anyone by coming here or do harm to anyone's way of life. We have shared generously everything we have. Now we are poor, sick and distressed."
She says that it would seem reasonable that with so many government health, educational, and social programs, the Tribe should be very healthy. "Yet, under the occupying governments, the reality is: Alaska Natives have the highest rates in any group in Alaska of poverty, disease, alcoholism, suicide, high school drop-outs, mental health problems, unemployment, incarceration, and the list goes on and on in an unending cycle of genocide. It is easy to see that the programs that have been thrust upon us are working to assist our demise." She has expressed these concerns before the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs. Mills, among others, is protesting against a mass trial hepatitis B vaccine program. The trial program was a statewide effort by the Public Health Service aimed exclusively at the indigenous People of Alaska. It was originally introduced in the isolated Yupik villages in 1981 and then amongst other Alaska indigenous People. After studying the research for seven years of the experimental hepatitis B vaccine, Mills and Bernadine Atchison, discovered that the plasma based hepatitis B vaccine could have contained tainted blood that could posses the threat of Auto Immune diseases. They discovered that the United States has a document called the United States Arctic Research Plan of 1987, which contains the policy over Alaska. In this plan, Alaska is referred to as "a natural laboratory and as such a region where health research may have broad implications and applications." The Arctic Research Plan also refers to the indigenous People of Alaska as a "comprehensive health research project" and refers to the people as a "resource for studying health problems which will benefit other populations."
OPEN ADMISSIONS OF MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS
At a conference in Christchurch, New Zealand, Dr. William Jordon, director of Infectious Diseases, stated, that virtually all field trials of new vaccines in the United States are done amongst indigenous tribes in Alaska and various other parts of the country. He was fairly light-hearted about the failure of various vaccines to make any difference with regard to the ultimate point of administering or preventing diseases. Yves Delatte, a French biologist who resides in Sweden, wrote a paper on the subject of vaccines and diseases. "In this paper, I will try to show that AIDS could very well be the consequence of vaccination programs, done indiscriminately or not, and I will ask the scientific world for a proper test to be executed with honesty in order to show if I am right or wrong." Delatte appeared with Mills and Atchison at an international conference in Arctic Village, Alaska. He stated at the conference, "With vaccines, we have probably created illnesses which are far more dangerous than the diseases we are supposed to be protected against...It has never been proven that vaccines protect, but it can be proven that vaccinations weaken the immune system and the whole human race."
As the native populations complain about being used as experiments, Dr. Kalorkerinos, a medical advisor for the Aboriginal Health in Australia made a video tape called The Vaccination Dilemma, which was produced in 1992. He states that in 1980, a hepatitis B vaccine was made that contained the blood of homosexuals. The vaccine was in question because it may have contained very harmful viral particles. Dr. Kalorkerinos recounted in the video, "Deliberate attempts have been made to allow (Aboriginal) infants under my care to die. The real authorities don't want these infants to live. The real intention on the part of the authorities is genocide."
What facts are known and documented are: